Aubrey Wray Fitch (Saint Ignace, Michigan, 11 June 1883 – Maine, 22 may 1978) was an Admiral of the United States Navy during the Second World War. From 1920, he held several important command functions associated with aircraft, both at sea and on land. The plane was, by him in collaboration with the fleet, promoted and supported. He was also officiating Director and later Director-General of the United States Naval Academy.
- first world war 2
- 3 aviation
- Second World War 4
- 5 After the second world war
- 6 Admiral a. w. Fitch
- 7 USS Aubrey Fitch (FFG-34)
- 8 external links
Fitch arrived at the U.S. Naval Academy in the summer of 1902 and graduated on February 12, 1906. He was 23 years. After that, he served for two years as a non-commissioned officer on duty on the Cruiser USS Pennsylvania (ACR-4) and the destroyer USS Chauncey (DD-3). Fitch got officer's rank on 13 February 1908 and then served on the USS Rainbow and USS Concord (PG-3), before he was instructor of torpedo's on duty in the Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, Rhode Island, on board the training ship USS Montgomery (C-9).
After his instructor-torpedo-have completed training, the battleship USS Fitch helped Delaware (BB-28) at the service, which took place on 4 april 1910. After this, he returned to the Naval Academy, first as Assistant discipline officer in 1911 and 1912, and as an instructor physical-training from 1912 to 1913.
Fitch served on the destroyers USS Balch (DD-50) and USS Duncan (DD-46) before he got his first command as Commander of the USS Terry (DD-25), at the 2nd Division, Reserve Torpedo Flotilla, Atlantic-West.
After to have served at the staff of the u.s. Atlantic fleet Fitch got command of the Navy-hunt "Yankton" in January 1915, in addition to his responsibility as an Assistant to the Commander in Chief.
He left the "Yankton", shortly after the beginning of the participation of the United States to the first world war, on 6 april 1917, the Declaration of war, and put the staff on its activities for another five months. Aubrey Fitch served on the battleship USS Wyoming (BB-32) as artillery officer in attendance during the remaining period of hostilities while this battleship was part of the 6th Battle Squadron.
After the Armistice, Fitch again back to the Marine Academy once more before becoming, concurrently, inspector of ordnance in charge "responsible for marine ammunition warehouse in Hingham, MA, and naval inspector of ordnance in charge" for the marine coal station, Frenchman Bay, Maine. From August 1920, Fitch commanded a Division minelayers, while also commanding the USS Luce alternately (DM-4) and USS Mahan (DM-7).
In december 1922 he was seconded by the USS Mahan and did Fitch service in Rio de Janeiro, until March 1927, as a representative of the us to Brazil, before he was called back for a service task again inWashington D.C.. He went back to sea in may 1927, as an officer on the USS Nevada (BB-36). He then was given command of the USS Arctic (AF-7) (sometimes as a ship that uncommon, was called the "meat boat") in november 1927.
Aubrey Fitch followed from June 1929 for the training flight instructor at the Naval Air Station in Pensacola, Florida, and his pilot's licence on 4 February 1930. After a short service at NAS San Diego, California, he was commander on the USS Wright (AV-1) in the spring of 1930. In July 1931 he was allowed to take over command at first US aircraft carrier, USS Langley (CV-1).
After his management position on NAS Hampton Roads, Virginia, in early June 1935, Air Force Chief of staff Commander Fitch as billet, and traded his command for the USS Lexington (CV-2) in april 1936.Subsequently he attended the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island a senior course from June 1937 to may 1938. After completing this training, he became Commander of the NAS Pensacola, in June 1939. In the spring of 1940 , he took over the Patrol Wing 2, based at Pearl Harbor and 7 months later, he brought his flag on the USS Saratoga (CV-3), as Commander of Carrier Division 1. At the outbreak of hostilities in the Pacific in december 1941 was Fitch so one of the most experienced carrier commanders.
Fitch already had a suspicion that the joint naval and Luchtmachtwapen would be of great importance for both parties. The battleship era passed in his eyes. That also revealed after the infamous Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and three days later, with the British battleships HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse. Small aircraft had big strong armored battleships destroyed ...
Fitch's flagship, the USS Saratoga, played a major role in the aborted attempt to in december 1941 to strengthen the defense of Wake Island . At the end of January 1942 she was torpedoed at Oahu ; This damage meant a serious weakening of the American carrier capacity in a critical period.
During the battle of the Coral Sea, Fitch was commander of Task group 17.5, consisting of the aircraft carriers "Lady Lex" and the Yorktown, as part of Task Force 11, under the command of Rear Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher.
In this battle, in which neither side came within shooting range of the other party, lost to Fitch the "Lexington" on May 8, 1942 and was the "Yorktown" damaged. But the Japanese fleet lost the smaller aircraft carrier "Shoho" and broke off the advance towards Port Moresby .
After the demise of the "Lexington" Fitch brought his flag to the Cruiser USS Minneapolis (CA-36). Along with Captain Sherman of the Lexington he visited those injured in the infirmary of the cruiser. For his leadership during the battle of the Coral Sea, he received his first Distinguished Service Medal.
On 20 september 1942, 6 weeks after the first American amphibious operation of the war of the war at Guadalcanal, Fitch got command of the air force of "South Pacific Force", abbreviated as got underway. He was not a bureau-Admiral, and personally conducted many risky flights in the combat area to select from, for example, bases for projected operations.
Under the leadership of Fitch got underway and included not only the Navy eventually grew-the Royal Netherlands air force, but also those of the army, the Marines and New Zealand's air power. Fitch ' aircraft protected the Allied landings in the South Pacific and its supporting warships. Fitch aircraft protected the Allied shipping, and this vital air protection the final victory over the Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands.
His aircraft also performed vital reconnaissance missions from and discovered the Japanese warships during the battle of Santa Cruz Islands in October 1942 and during the battle of Guadalcanal in november 1942.
Later in 1943 Admiral Fitch had charge of a number of experiments, including night bombing with radar and the use of specially adapted aircraft for taking detailed aerial photographs about it yet to conquer terrain and straits. To do this, Fitch got his second Disti
Admiral Fitch returned to Washington D.C. in the summer of 1944 and became the title Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air). He gave able leadership to the air and efficient organization of the Navy, took measures for the improvement of the preparation and readiness of naval air power availability rate.
For these efforts he was honored with the Legion of Ment.
After the surrender of Japan on August 16, 1945 head Admiral Fitch was Director-General of the Navy Academy and held that post until 15 January 1947, with side duties as Commander of the "Severn River Command". On this Academy he founded the Aviation Department.
Next, Fitch served briefly in the Office of the Undersecretary of the Navy, before he oldest Member of the Naval Clemency and Prison Inspection Board was, in March 1947. He was this until he was relieved of all active duty in 1947. When Fitch was 65 years old and he retired.
Admiral Aubrey w. Fitch died at his residence, Maine State and taken over on 22 may 1978, shortly before he was 95 years. He and his wife Gwyneth Fitch found Maine, a quiet small State at the sea. Before they lived to Annapolis in Maryland for his Academy there.
In 1981 was the USS Aubrey Fitch (FFG-34), a frigate named after him. On 10 april 1981, the frigate on pile to Bath, Maine by the Bath Iron Works, and launched on 17 October 1981 sponsored by the meter of the ship, Mrs. Francesca Fitch Furgeson, the granddaughter of Admiral Fitch.