Clement Richard Attlee ( January 3, Putney, London, 1883 – 8 October 1967) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and leader of theLabourparty from 1935 to 1955. During the Second World War he was the replacement for Winston Churchill in the coalition Government formed in May 1940.
Clement Attlee served in the first world war in France and the Middle East where he rose to the rank of major general and severely injured. He became the private Secretary to Ramsay MacDonald in the 1922 Government, sat in the first two Labour governments (1924 and 1929-1931) and was an outspoken opponent of fascism and the appeasementpolitiek of Neville Chamberlain. Attlee played a crucial role during the war years as a replacement for Churchill and as a leadership giver of employment and other civil affairs during World War II. Despite his natural modesty and laconic style of speaking, won the election of Clement Attlee in 1945 Winston Churchill and became the first Prime Minister from the Labour Party that served a full parliamentary term, and the first one had a majority in the House of Commons . He was premier of 26 July 1945 to 26 October 1951. Likewise, he held 27 July 1945 to 20 december 1946 the post of Minister of Defense. The Government which he led, the welfare State in and nationalized public institutions to a policy system approved by all parties. He also started the decolonisation of the British Empire with the Treaty of the Indianindependence. This policy continued to exist until Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister. In 2004, he was elected as the most efficient British Prime Minister of the 20th century in a poll of political academics who was organized by MORI .
|Predecessor:||Prime Minister of the United Kingdom