He worked as a painter, Restorer and Decorator of fashion dolls. He received his training at the École des Beaux-Arts to Amiens from 1905 to 1910. He died in 1975.
- In his first major painting Remembrance (1931) comes to express his hatred against the military regime, suffered as a soldier during the first world war. The painting depicts a few soldiers off as White rabbits grab, a flying female contortionist who throws a bunch of medals and the whole scene is blessed by a cardinal in women's clothing.
- This contempt for the Church as a corrupt institution provided Trouille with the inspiration for decades Dialogue at the Karmel (1944) shows a skull adorned with a Crown of thorns.
- The Mummy shows a female Mummy who comes to life by a beam of light that falls on a large bust of Trouille.
- The sorcerer (1944) is a self-portrait which he with his wizards stick a fainting women group satisfies.
- My grave (1947) shows Trouille see grave in a graveyard as the focal point of corruption and depravity.
- Trouille other usual topics are sex, as depicted on the phantasms of the Marquis de Sade (1959), a painting with the Marquis de Sade sitting in the foreground of a landscape packed with all sorts of perversions, and a "madly egoistic bravado" as self-satire.
- His portrait of a seen from the back leaning nude called Oh! Calcutta! Calcutta!-a French pun – was chosen as the name for the musical from 1969. (The French phrase "oh quel cul t'as" is translated as follows:"what a beautiful back".)
After his work was seen by Louis Aragon and Salvador Dalí, André Breton saw Trouille as a surrealist. Trouille accepted this label only to get more fame, while he actually had no sympathy for surrealism. The simple style and lurid colors that Trouille used in his paintings are reminiscent of the lithographic posters for ads during the first half of the 20th century.