Frans Masereel (Blankenberge31 July 1889 - AvignonJanuary 3, 1972) was a Flemish sculptorand graphic artist . Modern living in the major cities during the first half of the twentieth century is displayed by him in woodcuts . About him did Stefan Zweig the line: "when everything would go in substance; all books, monuments, pictures and reports and there remained only the woodcuts which Masereel created during ten years saved, then one would only be able to rebuild our whole contemporary world. "


[hide]*1 Biography


Masereel is born in Blankenberge, on the Belgian coast, where his well-to-do parents stay one or two months every year in Ghent. He moved (to the Royal Academy of fine arts) in Ghent with the painter Jean Delvin.

He travels a lot and around 1910 he goes live in Paris and there happen to be in touch with the woodcut.

As the first world war breaks out flight Masereel to the Swiss Geneva. There he close friendship with the writers Stefan Zweig , Romain Rollandand Andreas Latzko, whose books he illustrates. He Debuts three anti-war albums: "the dead speak" and "the dead are on" (1917) and "the passion of a man" 1918).

1920 almost 1,000 drawings to appear in daily episodes in the pacifist magazine "La Feuille", in which he portrays the horrors of war. He also works as a translator for the Red Cross.

The first years after the war, he is considered by the Belgian Government service objector. He is going to live again in 1920 in Paris and later in Équihen near Boulogne. He illustrates books by, among others, Victor HugoTolstoiThomas MannOscar Wilde and Hemingway. In 1926 he makes for "the legend of Ulenspiegel" by Charles de Coster 167 woodcuts. In the book "the city" (1925) ( Pieter Jelles Troelstra's objects.) he lays in one hundred woodcuts are vision of life in the 1920s in the big city firm. Masereel becomes together with Jan-Frans CantréJozef CantréHenri Van Straten and Joris Minne included ' the big five ', which the Flemish graphics into new life after the first world war. After World War II, Masereel lived in Avignon and in Nice. From 1947 to 1951 he was teacher at the Schule für Kunst und handwerk in Saarbrücken. In 1950 he got on the Venice Biennale the great price of the chart.

The graphic novel which he himself loved the most was "the idea". In 83 woodcuts we see the idea-just as naked as the truth-be pursued by the police and the justice, but she lives, loves, survives and propagates.This book was very popular with the German anti-Nazis.

Ma said he was in the woodcut the tool of choice had found that he sought to make his ideas known to thousands of people.

The Cultural Organization Masereelfonds was named after him.