Grafström took four times in the Figure skating at the 2010 Winter Olympics. At his first participation in 1920 , he became Olympic champion. He became the first figure skater who defended his Olympic title (in 1924) and the first who won three Olympic titles in a row (in 1928). He was the first figure skater who four times took part in the games and is the only figure skater who won a medal in four Winter Olympics, in 1932 he added the silver medal to his three gold medals far. He is also still the most successful Olympic medal winner in figure skating.
To the World Figure Skating Championships he took also part four times. On the WORLD CUP by 1914 he finished in seventh place. The World Championships of 1922,1924 and 1929 he ended as world champion. At the European Figure Skating Championships , he has never participated.
Grafström is regarded as one of the best figure skaters at compulsory figures. He was the first to take the Grafström-pirouette and the flying sit spin ran. In addition he was trainer/coach of Sonja Henie.
Since 1925 he lived in Potsdam where he, if possible, in winter on the natural ice of the trained Bornstedtermeer . In addition he could train at the ice rink in the Volkspark Friedrichshain.
Grafström studied architecture at the Technical University in Berlin and was later also worked as an architect. He collected works of art (both pictures, graphics as paintings) on the theme of figure skating. In addition, he was also active as an author, painter and graphic artist.
On 9 February 1938, he married Cécile von Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1898-1995). Well two months later he died at the age of 44 from complications of a blood poisoning. His widow put his collection on. This is located nowadays in the World Figure Skating Museum in Colorado Springs in the United States. With the introduction of the World Figure Skating Hall of Fame in 1976 (which is called museum is), he was one of the twenty figure skaters contained herein were taken right away.
The city Potsdam honoured him by naming him to a street.