Jakobus Cornelis (Jacques) Flower (Obrien10 may 1887 - Kalenberg10 August 1966) was a Dutch poet.


[hide]*1 life and work

Life and work[Edit]Edit


The grandfather of Jacques flower, Jacobus Cornelis Bloem was born in Tilburg in 1822. There is sometimes claimed that he was an illegitimate son of King William II of the Netherlands would have been[source?]. He was Finance Minister in the conservative cabinet. His son Jacobus Willem Cornelis Bloem, the father of Jacques flower, was born in 1857. In 1886 he became mayor of Obrien at Alphen aan den Rijn. He married Catharina Maria Anna van Eck.

Jacques Flower was their first child. He grew up in a large civil and protected environment. Grandfather Flower left a legacy in 1902, on which the family father Flower resigned and carefree could live in a villa to Amersfoort. The ability was lost in 1904, presumably by malpractice of the asset manager. This contributed to the ' outside world ' Bloem's mistrust. In 1914, the father appointed mayor of Hardenberg, to which the family moved in 1915 to Almelo . The protected environment had large influence on Jacques, which it later would be experienced as a ' lost paradise ', to which no return was possible. At school he showed himself a very moderate pupil, but he was destined for the law school.


Since approximately 1903 Jacques developed Flower, presumably inspired by work of Jacques Perk, to poet. In 1908 he met Jan Greshoff and a bit later also P.N. van Eyck, which an important stimulating role in his development as a poet have fulfilled.

After several vain attempts were some poems in 1910 still placed in the magazine the movement of Albert Verwey. The early poetry shows influences by P.C. Boutens. In later work is especially the influence of Karel van de Woestijne noticeable.

Flower was intelligent, but didn't show any work drift with regard to his studies. He gave out a lot of money on books and later also to drink while he is in the debt put out.In 1915 he was seriously ill by Pleurisy. In 1916 he gained his PhD from the University of Utrecht to doctor in legal science on 24 goals, mostly ' borrowed ' by P.N. van Eyck. [1then started a new agony, because he now had to accept a job on to Amsterdamthe Mayor. Also of the new residence of his parents, Almelo, he had a deep dislike. His job, and also the following courses, he held not long endure. Prefer he was Mayor, but still he refused after the death of his father his mayors to Hardenberg, which post was offered him. Only the editorship of the Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (1920-27), that brought him to Rotterdam , held longer time mode. In 1921, he released his debut the desire frombundle .

In 1925, if committed for French Flower met and English at the final exam, the HBS20 years younger Clara E. They were married in 1926, but Flower had an ideal picture of a young woman in mind to which no man could meet. The birth of their son Wim in 1927 brought them temporarily to one another, but almost simultaneously was Flower redundancies at the NRC because of lack of diligence and personal conflicts. In 1928, he was appointed Registrar in The Lemmer and the couple settled in Sint Nicolaasga, where he complained about loneliness again soon. Though they got friendly visit of many poets and writers such as e. du PerronHendrik MarsmanJ. J. Slauerhoff and Theun de Vries.

After a period of low productivity began to write again more Flower around 1930. It was, however, a gloomy Outlook on life internalized poems, which aired on ABC family channel. In 1931 the family live in Breukelen , where Flower Registrar became at the local court, but showed little zeal. In 1932, the year when his mother died, divorced Flower and E. It turned out to be an impossible relationship given the large contrast between both characters: they are young, sporty, dynamic, beautiful and ambitious-it thick, often drunk, lazy and absent. Also in 1932 appeared in the Guide written by editor-in-Chief Martinus Nijhoff a scathing review of his recently released bundle Media Vita, which led to a conflict between Flower and Nijhoff.

After the District Court in Breukelen was raised Flower lived at different addresses. He ended up in Kijkduin, where Clara has lived with, and moved in with him E 1936 tothe Hague. In 1935, he had a job with the Ministry of Social Affairs that lasted until 1942. In 1939 he went back at Clara E living after she was divorced from Jan Campert.In the meantime came in 1937 his bundle from the defeat . As the title suggests also that radiates a gloomy Outlook on life from.

1940s and 1950s[Edit]Edit

The occupation in 1940 forced him to move to a guest house in Voorburg . In 1942, he was clerk to Zutphen. He stayed in guest houses in the neighboring Warnsveld.He resigned in 1945. After the liberation he lived in Zutphen, again short time with Clara E. They went to Amsterdam and in 1946 he also went there. In 1947 came the bundle Quiet though sad out.

After Adriaan Roland Holst had brought a visit to South Africa followed Flower his example in 1947. He visited there his friend Greshoff. About this time also came its general recognition as a poet. In 1947 his collected poems were published, and he also received important literary prizes, such as in 1949. In 1952 he was appointed officer in the order of Orange-Nassau.


[1][2]Floor slab of Flower in Paasloo with the text"all things pass, o and gone for good"

In 1959 at the request of Clara Eggink Flower moved to Lüneburg, where they with her the Wise Owl houseboat was docked. The adjacent farm was refurbished and there spent Flower his last years. Anthologies and appeared for the first time he found any luck and some peace. But only briefly: a series of brain hemorrhages, the first in 1963, and pernicious anemia made his life getting heavier. He died after a fourth brain hemorrhage in 1966. Clara E and he are buried in Paasloo.

Meaning of Bloem's work[Edit]Edit

Bloem's work is imbued with desire for an ideal past that never existed as such. He also knew by real life disillusioned, that never can be satisfied by his desire to roam, nor by searching: neither love nor by withdrawing from the world. But its authorship offered a way to dealing with this desire.

Later in life, the sense of disappointment and resignation in the fate played an increasingly larger role. Also the death plays a large role in his more mature work. Yet his work contains poems where there is inner peace, right at the sight of issues that could induce sadness, initially as the inky water of a channel, or ' drab, urban roads '.

Bloem's aesthetic quality poetry is infused by the realization that we are put on this world to die. For example the poem Sunday from 1931 is an illustration.

Famous lines of verse[Edit]Edit

  • Everything is much, for whom not expecting much
  • Thinking of the death I can not sleep,/and not sleeping I think of death
  • Always, Always, always rain/november this empty heart, always
  • Is this enough: one piece or what poems,/for the justification of an existence
  • Nature is empty for satisfaction or/and then: what is nature still in this country?
  • Simply, happy in the Dapperstraat
  • All things pass, o, and gone for good (also Bloem's Epitaph)
  • Bowl, fill the glasses and not longer, think how fast time flee from the untenable. Gistren is dead, not yet born tomorrow – What wouldn't let us enjoy, as today?

Bloem's relationship with women[Edit]Edit

According to biographer Bart Grinder Flower had a preference for young factory and maids. They are aroused sexual appetite To Aart van der Leeuw on. He wrote after having his eye dropping to a 12-year-old Davis: "one seems to find such a thing in General: it would be a perverse oratio pro domo if I say that I find this not so? There is something in this maturing of a child, which is still all in all no woman is, and around which already getting something something vague-feminine, zoo and growing, what attracts me most of all. "

Flower and fascism[Edit]Edit

Flower was, perhaps fueled by his parental environment, attracted to the reactionary views of the Action Française of Charles Maurras, who believed in a naturally hierarchical organization of the society laid down, which was ' endangered ' by both liberalism as socialism. Modernity and the Jews are the scapegoat. In 1921 he wrote in a letter to P.N. van Eyck: "That damned pro-Joodschheid bv. that nearly all the victims of the Jewish World Chris toes-kongsi, for the sake of equality chimeresk idea ".

In 1933 he became a member of the NSB (the Dutch counterpart of the NSDAP). He admired Hitler and Mussolini and Third Reich called it an admirable creation. He spoke out for a solid state device with military support. After the German attack on the Netherlands in 1940 and the bombing of Rotterdam ended the relationship quickly. He refused to join the Nederlandsche Kultuurkamer. From opportunism he wondered if Jews in hiding could deposit their money not on his bank account, with the words: "In this time of persecution must, it seems to me that the Jews who are yet to find 2000 NLG?". However, he was soon In the NSB disappointed when he discovered that NSB leader Anton Mussert, where he was a guest, not even knew about the existence of Maurras. All this has saved too much him drift into it burn in the collaboration.



  • 1911- Le Miroir des Heures, book review in the movement
  • 1916-shelves in order to obtain the degree of doctor in legal science at the University of Utrecht
  • 1921- the desire, poems
  • 1931- Media Vita, poems
  • 1937- the defeat, poems
  • 1942- some poems
  • 1945- Embers
  • 1946- Quiet though sad, poems
  • 1950- Love, poems
  • 1950- Evening, poems
  • 1950- Collected reflections
  • 1952- Aphorismen
  • 1953- the nightingales, poems
  • 1954- look back at the distance travelled
  • 1957- Farewell
  • 1958- personal preference by J.C. Bloem, poems with commentary
  • 1958- By clouds seemed edges, choice of own work
  • 1958- the poet and death
  • 1965- Collected classics, Dutch Classics
  • 1965- collected poems
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