James Addison Baker III ( Houston (Texas) , April 28 1930 ) is an American diplomat and politician from the Republican Party . He has served as Chief of Staff of the White House (1981-1985 and 1992-1993), as Minister of Finance (1985-1988) and as Minister of Foreign Affairs (1989-1992).James Baker (right) during the presentation of the report on Iraq in December 2006. In the middle of President George W. Bush
Baker graduated rights at the Princeton University and the University of Texas at Austin , interim he served as an officer in the United States Marine Corps , U.S. Marine Corps . In 1957 his PhD , he then went to 1975 to work as a lawyer.
In 1975 he was Minister of Commerce under Republican President Gerald Ford . He also led in 1976 his unsuccessful campaign. In 1978 he lost the battle for himself minister of Justice of the State of Texas .
Under the presidency of Republican Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1985 he was chief of staff of the White House and from 1985 to 1988, Minister of Finance . In 1988 he led the - this time it successful - campaign of Republican George HW Bush. Under his reign from 1989 to 1992 he was Minister of Foreign Affairs ( Secretary of State ). As such he was in 1990-1991 responsible for the creation of the international forces that Iraqi regime of Saddam Hussein from Kuwait expelled in the Gulf War . Then he was up again in early 1993 Chief of Staff of the White House. After George HW Bush lost the election, Baker went to work as a lawyer.
From 1997, he served as Special Envoy of the United Nations responsible for the conflict between Morocco and the liberation movement Polisario on Western Sahara . Because he failed to get both parties to a settlement he laid down this position in 2004.
As head of the Iraq Study Group, better known as the named after him -Baker Commission , he brought in December a report on the very violent situation in Iraq . In this report, the advice was from Iraq retrieval. U.S. combat troops in the course of 2007