Schouten was descended from a family with eleven kids reformed in Maassluis. He was schippersknecht, florist, book seller and accountantin 1916 , before he became a member of the City Council of Rotterdam for the ARP. By 1917 he was to 1939 in addition in the Provincial States of Zuid-Holland, and from 1918 to 1956 in the Second Room, starting from 1933 as Group Chairman. In 1919 he supported as one of the few anti revolutionaries the women's suffrage.
In the war against the German occupiers, Schouten chose bright party in contrast to Cameron that a half-hearted position. Saban worked on building a shadow party, the illegal ARP, which came into effect in 1941. Schouten was arrested by the Germans In 1942 and spent six months in the concentration camp Amersfoort. After his release he interfered with the creation of the Weddingillegal. In april 1943 he was again arrested and up to the end of the war he stayed in the camps Scheveningen,Sachsenhausen and Mauthausen. "I haven't changed," he said after the liberation against Queen Wilhelmina.
Saban returned back into the room as a leader of the ARP. He was an opponent of the independence of Indonesia and supported the police actionsto the bitter end. At the beginning of the 1950s turned out are reduced authority, when the ARP went against his will join a Government in which the Labor Party (PvdA) was represented. In1956 he resigned as member of Parliament. Until 1958 he was a member of the Council of State.