Martin Niemöller (Lippstadt14 January 1892 - March 6, Wiesbaden1984) was a German Lutheran theologian , military and resistance fighter.

Life Course[Edit]Edit

As a young man, he did his national service in the Navy. He eventually became Commander of a submarine and participated as such to the first world war part.

In 1919 went to study theology and Niemöller was PastorAdolf Hitler on 30 January 1933 came to power. Niemöller was initially happy with it here as a follower of theNSDAP (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei). Slowly he found out that the ideas of the nazi's were not as he had thought and that the Nazis were not the big community founders as they arose.

The Arierparagraph was decisive for him. It said that anyone of non-Aryan descent was or was married to someone of non-Aryan descent no Office in the Church if carpeting. Chris toes of Jewish descent, who as Pastor, youth worker or administrator in service of the Church were, would lose their jobs. Niemöller founded thePfarrernotbund (an emergency League of pastors) to protest against the introduction of the Arierparagraph in the Church.

He resisted also the Führer. On 25 January 1934 reported Niemöller himself with a church delegation to the Reich Chancellery where Hitler was present. Göring appeared with a secret file of a bugged phone call. Hitler bite Niemöller far: "this is rebellion, not this I accept. Care for the Third Reich let you but to me, than you for the Church. "

The Barmen Declaration came into being. This is the document of the Confessing Church (Professing Church) or the ecclesiastical resistance movement of GermanProtestants. They find that the ' Church ' with their national-socialist institution Deutsche Christian should be turned off. According to only one word ' France ' Barmen: theHoly Scriptures.

The Gestapo kept a close eye on all Niemöller and listened to his sermons. The sermon of 19 June 1937 went too far. it was a tirade against Hitler. The Führer hold themselves in and stated Niemöller to his personal prisoner. He was transferred to the concentration camp SachsenhausenDachau and later sat in a total of seven years.Niemöller was believed at this time:

When the Nazis arrested the Communists I have kept quiet; I was not a communist. When they imprison the Social Democrats I have kept quiet; I was not a Social Democrat. When she came I have the unionists kept quiet; I was not a trade unionist. When she opsloten the Jews I kept quiet; I was not a Jew. When they arrested the Catholics I have kept quiet; I was not a Catholic. When she came to me ... There was no one left who could still protest.

After the Second World War remained Niemöller vigilant. He criticized the division between East and West, joined pacifist organizations, took part in peace demonstrations in the 1960s and was active in the resistance against the Viet Nam war.