Otto Heinrich Frank (Frankfurt am Main12 may 1889 – BirsfeldenSwitzerland19 August 1980) was a German-Dutch-Swiss merchant. He was the father of Anne Frank. Otto Frank was the only member of the family that survived the Second World War Frank.


[hide]*1 early life

Life Course[Edit]Edit

Frank was a son of Michael Frank (1851-1909), owner of the Michael Frank Bank in Frankfurt am Main and Alice Betty Stern (1865-1953). After graduating in 1908 he studied economics at the University of Heidelberg, but he broke that study after just a few months off. He worked a year in a bank and got through a study friend a chance to do an internship in the Department store Macy's in New York. He left in early september 1909. Shortly after arriving he had to back, because his father had died on 17 september.

A short time later, Otto Frank left again. This time he stayed two years in the United States. First he worked a year at Macy 's, then at a bank. In the fall of 1911, he returned to Germany where he first to joining a firm in Düsseldorf which made window frames . Then he switched to a company that produced horseshoes for the German army.

In the first world war he served as an officer in the German army. On 36-year-old age, he married Edith Holländer11 years younger. They had two daughters, Margot andAnne. In July 1933, a few months after Adolf Hitler had come to power, Frank (who was Jewish) fled to the Netherlands to escape rising anti-Semitism in nazi Germany. InAmsterdam , he founded the Opekta on case. also came a few months later his wife and daughters to Amsterdam.

Second World War[Edit]Edit

To the German invasion on may 10, 1940 the Frank family went for the wind. After the beginning of the war tried Frank still with his family to EnglandPortugalCuba or the United States to escape, but all his attempts failed. Eventually he had to transfer his case to some non-Jewish colleagues. In 1942 the family popped up under in thesecret annex, the back part of the business premises of Opekta on the Prinsengracht 263 in Amsterdam.

In 1944 his family was betrayed and deported in Drenthe transported to Auschwitz. Otto Frank's wife died in Auschwitz, are both daughters eventually came to in Bergen-Belsen. However, he himself was liberated by the Russians and returned back to Netherlands after the liberation .

After the war[Edit]Edit

Back in Amsterdam got Frank from hands of Miep Gies the diary of his daughter Anne. After he had read and had spoken with friends over there, he decided to let it spend if book under the title Het Achterhuis. A number of passages in which Anne negative about her mother wrote and in which they raised the subject sexuality, were deleted. The secret annex appeared on 25 June 1947. After the publication of the diary of his daughter Frank has turned to its death been dealing with corresponding with readers of the book. All such correspondence is now in the collection of the Anne Frank Foundation in Amsterdam.

Frank refused to adopt German citizenship after the war and became a Dutch citizen in 1949. Frank remarried In 1953 with the widow Sarah Geiringer (1905-1998), whom he had met in Auschwitz and who had lost her husband and son. He moved with her to Basel where he got the Swiss citizenship.

Otto Frank died of lung cancer at the age of 91. He was cremated and his ashes were buried in the cemetery of Birsfelden in Basel-Landschaft.


  • 2002 Carol Ann Lee, "the hidden life of Otto Frank ', publishing house balance, Amsterdam. (Original title: "The Hidden Life of Otto Frank".)
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