Phraya Phahol Padmaraj (Thai: พระยาพหลพลพยุหเสนา), born as Pote Phaholyothin, (Bangkok, 29 March 1887 – 14 February 1947) was a General and Thai Prime Minister. He was a Chinese Thai. His father came from Chaozhou and his mother was a native Thai.
Pote is based at the temple school of What Chakawat Rajavas and Sukhumal Vidhayalai school. After this he went to the Thai Royal Military Academy. At the age of 16, he was awarded a scholarship by the King to at the Military Academy to study in Germany . After 3 years of study in 1906 , he was housed in the 4th Artillery regiment of the German army. In 1912 he went to Denmark for a year in order to study engineering .
In 1913 he returned to Thailand and started a military career. He was first assigned to the 4th artillery regiment in the province of Ratchaburi. In 1917 he became Commander of the 9th artillery in Chachoengsao. On1 april 1928 he was promoted to Colonel and received the titles of "Phra Luang" and "" in the name of "Sarayuthsorasidhi".
On 20 may he was chosen for the Royal Guard and received the title Phraya Phahol Polphayuhasena which until then was carried to it by his now deceased father. On 24 June 1932 , he became a member of the Khana Ratsadon (people's Party). He later took over as party President of Phraya Manopakorn NititadaPhraya, whom he succeeded on 21 June 1933 as Prime Minister of the 4th Government of Thailand. There were many problems during his term and he took his resignation several times, but he was reappointed four times yet. During his reign, King Rama VII went to England and did abdication in favor of his cousin King Rama VIII.
On 11 september 1938 he disbanded the Parliament and resigned as Prime Minister. He was succeeded by field marshal phibunsongkhram. During the Second World War he rose to the rank of General and was appointed commander-in-Chief of the army. He died at the age of 60 on 14 February 1947.