Tartokower Savielly Grigorevich (Russian Савелий Григорьевич Тартаковер:) (Rostov-on-Don (Russia), 22 February 1887 [1Paris4 February 1956) was a Polishchess player. His name is also spelled Savielly Grigorievitch Tartakower, Savellij, Xavier Tartakover Tartakower and other variants.


[hide]*1 Biography


Tartakower was of Austrian-Polish descent. [2Around the age of ten he learned chess from his father. In 1899, at the age of fourteen, he moved to Vienna where he did the exam gymnasium in 1904. He was the chess master title granted in 1906, when he was in Nuremberg as number one ended in an international tournament with fifty participants. [2In 1909, he was promoted to doctor in law at the University of Vienna. [2Vienna at that time was the chess capital of Europe; the Wiener Schachklub was a famous and leading chess club where he got to know many strong chess players. He was known as an honest man, but with a hot-tempered character.

Tartakower made two world wars, in the first he was wounded. Via Poland , he moved to France, where he later in life in WORLD WAR II served as a Lieutenant underCharles de Gaulle . From 1924 he lived in Paris, where he was an honorary member of several French Chess associations. [2]

Tournaments and matches[Edit]Edit

[1][2]Tartakower against Emanuel Lasker (born 1924)

He holds many tournament victories, including:[2]

In addition to tournament victories he won matches against SpielmanRétiLilienthal and Paul Johner.

Shortly after the second world war, Tartakower in Rotterdam at Lever Brothers & Unilever (now Unilever) a simultaneous match against more than 30 chess players. In december 1931, he played, also in Rotterdam, a four camp; other participants were ColleLandau and Rubinstein. Tartakower ended when as 3rd with 2 ½ from 6. [3]

Chess Theory[Edit]Edit

The chess world has he enriched with numerous new ideas. He played preferably unknown opening variants, usually with success. He was a great connoisseur of the theory of the end game.

8 [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
7 [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18]
6 [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26]
5 [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34]
4 [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42]
3 [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50]
2 [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58]
1 [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66]
(a) b (c) d e f g h

In addition to some 20 variants spread over a large number of openings, he is the namesake of the Tartakowervariant, a subvariant of the Stauntongambiet in the Dutch defense:

1. d4 f5, the Dutch
2. e4 fe, the Stauntongambiet, adopted
3. Pc3 Pf6
4. g4 (see diagram)


Tartakower was known for his chessaphorisms, such as

  • "It is always better to sacrifice the pieces of the opponent."
  • "The tactician should know what to do if there what to do; the strategist should know what to do if there is nothing to do. "
  • "A chess game is usually a story by a thousand and one errors."
  • "The one who wins the last mistake."


In addition to chess loved Tartakower engaged in chess journalism; He wrote for many chess periodicals, including the Wiener SchachzeitungLes Cahiers de l'Echiquier FrançaisRotterdam chess news and The Chess Review, earning him the nickname champion of chess journalists gave. [2]