Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny (Russian: Будённый Михайлович;) (Kozyurin (near Rostov), 25 april 1883 (Julian calendar Gregorian calendar, 13 april )- October 26,1973) was a Soviet Commander and a friend of Joseph Stalin.
He was born on april 25, 1883 in a village on the river Don). His family consisted of farmers and was not very rich. Budyonny had to In 1903 in service at the Tsarist army. He was assigned to the 26th DonCossacks cavalry regiment, with which he-in 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese war in the moisture. Budyonny was cavalerieman as the best of his regiment in 1907 sent to Saint Petersburg to a cavalry training. He graduated in 1908 for this course. In the first world war fought on the German, Austrian and Budionny Caucasian front and was awarded no less than four St. George-crosses.
In the summer of 1917 Budyonny went with his Caucasian regiment to Minsk. There he was elected President of the Regimental Committee and Vice-President of the Division Committee. After the October revolutionthe Don, Budyonny went back to where he was elected in the local Soviet . In February 1918 he established a Revolutionary cavalry regiment, with which he fought the white guard in the Don region. His regiment grew rapidly and became a brigade and later even a Division. With this Division moisture Budyonny several successful battles around the city of Tsaritsyn (later Stalingrad, now Volgograd). On 19 november 1919 the cavalry unit was renamed the 1st Cavalry army, with Budyonny to the head. He would continue to hold this function until October 1923. In 1920, he participated with the 1st Cavalry army took part in the Polish-Soviet war. Initially with great success: his troops were notorious for their cruel frenzy and chaotic action, he drove the Polish Army from the Ukraine and knew afterwards by the Polish southern front to break. However, his army was defeated at Lwow during the battle of Warsaw.
In 1919 was appointed Inspector of the Budyonny Cavalry and Commander of the North Caucasian military District. There he put in for the breeding of horses for the Cavalry, which eventually resulted in two new horse breeds; the Budenny and the Tersky. In 1932, studied at the Frunze Academy Budyonny in Leningrad.The five marshals of the Soviet Union, 1935. From left to rightTukhachevsky, Budyonny, Voroshilov,Blücher, Yegorov.
On 20 november the Council of people's commissars 1935 introduced a new rank in the Red Army. This rank was that of Marshal of the Soviet Union. Semyon Budyonny was one of the five new marshals, next to Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Vasili Blücher, Aleksandr Yegorov and Kliment Voroshilov. Budyonny and Voroshilov were the only two of the five marshals that Joseph Stalin's great purge would survive. Budyonny in 1937 was appointed commander of the Moscowmilitary District. In 1939 he became Deputy people's Commissar for Defence of Marshal Voroshilov.
After the Germans attacked the Soviet Union in June 1941, Budyonny was appointed commander of the southwestern Front. However, his troops were surrounded at Kiev and 600,000 Soviets were captured. Still got a new post Budyonny by Stalin. In september 1941 he was appointed commander of the Reserve front and was so involved in the defense of Moscow. His troops had to lose out again. In October, he was again dismissed from his post. He was sent to the North Caucasian military District to a supporting role to play, without himself really influence. In May 1942 he was given command of the North Caucasian Front, he would keep this until August. Budyonny was no longer active in the war. He was going to deal with the training of young soldiers in the Red Army service names.
In May 1953, Budyonny's cavalry Inspector of the Soviet Union. He would retain this positio