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Sigmund Romberg, also: Mae Romberg, actually: Zsigmund Romberg (Nagykanizsa29 July 1887 – Hartsdale (New York), november 9, 1951) was an Americancomposer and conductor of Hungarian comes from a German Jewish family. His father was an amateur musician and his mother poet.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 early life

Life Course[Edit]Edit

Early life and education[Edit]Edit

Romberg began at the age of six with violin lessons since he was eight years old and got piano lessons. Because his parents wanted to engineer that he was, he got his initial training on the Osiek Realschool. At this school he played in the school Orchestra. After his basic training, he studied at the Polytechnic Institute in Vienna. At the same time he studied compositionwith Richard Heuberger . In Vienna he experienced the last period of the Viennese operetta with Franz LehárRobert Stolz andEmmerich Kálmán.

Pianist in restaurants[Edit]Edit

From Vienna he moved first to London and from there he emigrated to the United Statesin 1909 . He was an Assistant in a Pencil Factory New Yorksese . He then worked for 15 US dollars per week in a cafe on Second Avenue. Other jobs followed as a pianist in restaurants. In 1912 he became pianist in the chic Bustanoby'srestaurant. In the restaurant of the French baroque style Bustanoby brothers André and Jacques in the West 39th Street he conducted a small chapel. It was unusual for the American public, that Romberg every night during his nominations also played dance music. Word of mouth made sure the "lobster palace", such as the restaurant of the French Vintners in New York was called, developed into a pleasant rendezvous-venue, whatever the salary of Romberg to 150 dollars per week increased.

Composer for the Broadway theatres[Edit]Edit

His first songs for the musical theater were used in the English version of Adolf Philipp 's Das Mitternachtsmädel in 1913. They were often performed and were later also published. Thus he garnered the interest of Jake (Jacob j.) Shubert. From 1912 to 1914 was Louis Hirsch House composer of the great and powerful theater Enterprise Shubert Brothers. In 1914 took Hirsch dismissal, to the collecting society American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) to set with it. Lee Shubert (1871-1953) and Jacob j. Shubert (1879-1963), the owners of Shubert Brothers, names then the still young composer Romberg as successor of Hirsch. His debut in theaters on Broadway he made in 1914 with the revue The Whirl of the World in the Winter Garden Theatre. The success assured its future as Broadway-composer. In 1917 had Romberg over 300 songs for 17 musicals and revues delivered. Under this theater works were different editions of The Passing Show (1917, 1918 and 1919) and in 1915 the operetta The Blue Paradise, before he wrote his first major topper Auf Wiedersehen (text: Herbert Reynolds). He also wrote further for the Shubert Brothers music-theatre works and revues, but his greatest successes he achieved with operettas in the European tradition.

Romberg einst im Mai Who arranged the operetta by Walter Kollo at all for the United States. The title was changed in Maytime and the story was moved from Berlin to New York. The song Will You Remember? was a hit. After the premiere followed on 16 August 1917 492 performances. Romberg was also producer and Adele and Fred Astaire granted their cooperation. At the end of the first world war he served in the entertainment part of the army of the United States.

Successes after the first world war[Edit]Edit

The first five musicals after the first world war found little appreciation among the public, but in september 1921 he processed the tragic life of Franz Schubert under the title Blossom Time in an operetta, with which he had success again in the Ambassador Theatre. This operetta is partly based on Heinrich Berté's Das Dreimädelhaus . On december 2, 1924, in the Jolson 59th Street Theatre in New York City The Student Prince in Premiere. This operetta was based on the play Alt Heidelberg by Wilhelm Meyer-Förster and was converted into a fine libretto by Dorothy Agnes Donnelly. This tragic operetta, a form that Romberg of Franz Léharretrieved had, took place against the background of nostalgic Heidelberg and was in the United States a cash register cracker. Further successes were the operettas The Desert Song (1926) and The New Moon(1928) as well as the musicals My Maryland (1927) and Rosalie (1928).

Film Music[Edit]Edit

His first film music he wrote for The Desert Song (1929), directed by Roy Del Ruth (1893-1963) and other Hollywood productions followed. Although his Broadway musicals in the 1930s, usually not really resonate with the public, for example, many of his film songs were hits, Lover Come Back to Me (lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II) from the movie New Moon (1931), When I Grow Too Old to Dream from The Night Is Young (1935) and Who Are We to Say from the Western The Girl of the Golden West (1938).

In 1941, Romberg by William Morris asked to put together an orchestra, that shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor went on tour. The first three concert tours were a financial fiasco. The fourth concert inCarnegie Hall and travel began 1943, however, was an extremely great success.

Back to the Broadway[Edit]Edit

In 1945 went on Broadway musical of the last Romberg-start, which was a blockbuster again, Up In Central Park, with libretto by Herbert and Dorothy Fields.

End Of Life[Edit]Edit

Shortly after the musical comedy The Girl In Pink Tights completed Sigmund Romberg, had died. He was buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, Westchester County, New York, where many other famous Americans have found their final resting place.

Compositions[Edit]Edit

Works for Orchestra[Edit]Edit

  • Leg of Mutton Onestep
  • Some Smoke, Onestep

Works for wind Orchestra[Edit]Edit

  • 1921 Overture to "Blossom Time"
  • 1926 Overture to "The Dessert Song"
  • 1927 Your Country and my Country
  • 1940 Overture to "The New Moon"
  • 1940 Overture to "The Student Prince"

Music Theatre[Edit]Edit

Operettas (usually fixed)[Edit]Edit

Completed in title acts Premiere libretto
1916 The Girl from Brazil;

by: Robert Winterberg (1884-1930) "Die schöne Schwedin"

30 August1916, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Edgar Smith, to the original by Julius Brammer

and Alfred Grünwald

1916 Her Soldier Boy;

by: Emmerich Kálmán, "Der gute Kamerad"

2 acts 6 december1916, New York City, Astor Theatre Rida Johnson Young (1869-1926),

original: Károly Bakonyi (1873-1926) and Victor Léon (1860-1940)

1917 My lady's Glove

by: Oscar Straus (1870-1954), "Die schöne Unbekannte"

2 acts and epilogue 18 June1917, New York City, Lyric Theatre Edgar Smith and Edward a. Paulton,

original: Leopold Jacobson (1878-1943) and Leo Stein

1917 Maytime;

by: Walter Kollo, "who einst im Mai"

4 acts 16 August1917, New York City, Sam s. Shubert Theatre Rida Johnson Young and Cyrus Wood (1889-1942)
1922 The Rose of Stamboul;

by: Leo Fall, "Die Rose von Stambul"

3 acts 7 March1922, New York City, Century Theatre Harold Atteridge,

original: Julius Brammer and Alfred Grünwald

1924 The Student Prince 2 december1924, New York City, Jolson 59th Street Theatre Dorothy Donnelly
1926 The Desert Song 30 november1926, New York City, Casino Theatre Otto Harbach (1873-1963), Oscar Hammerstein II

and Frank Mandel (1884-1958)

1927 My Princess 4 acts 6 October1927, New York City, Sam s. Shubert Theatre Dorothy Donnelly to "The Proud Princess", a fairy tale

by Edward Sheldon (1886-1946) and Dorothy Donnelly

Musicals[Edit]Edit

Completed in Title Designs Premiere Libretto Further song lyrics Choreography Producers
1915 Hands Up;

in collaboration with: Edward Ray Goetz (1886-1954)

52 22 July1915, 44th Street Theatre, New York City Edgar Smith Edward Ray Goetz Jack Mason Lee Shubert , andJacob j. Shubert
1915 The Blue Paradise;

by: Edmund Eysler (1874-1949), "Ein Tag im Paradies" in collaboration with: Leo Edwards (1884-1944) and Sigmund Romberg

356 5 August1915, New York City, Casino Theatre

(after: 44th Street Theatre)

Edgar Smith,

texts: Béla Jenbach (1871-1943) and Leo Stein (1861-1921)

Herbert Reynolds Ed Hutchinson Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1915 A World of Pleasure 116 14 October1915, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Jack Mason and

Theodore Kosloff(1882-1956)

Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1916 Follow Me;

Leo Ascher 's "Was tut man nicht alles aus Liebe"

78 29 november1916, New York City, Casino Theatre Felix Dörmann (1870-1928) and

Leo Ascher (1880-1942)

Robert B. Smith (1875-1951) Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1917-1918 Sinbad;

in collaboration with: Al Jolson (1886-1950)

164 14 February1918, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Alexis Kosloff Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1918 The Melting of Molly 88 30 december1918, New York City, Broadhurst Theatre Edgar Smith, based on the novel

"The Melting or Molly" by Maria Thompson Daviess (1872-1924)

Cyrus Wood Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1919 The Magic Melody 143 11 november1919, New York City, Sam s. Shubert Theatre Frederic Arnold Kummer(1873-1943) Frederic Arnold Kummer Max r. Wilner and Sigmund Romberg
1920 Poor Little Ritz Girl;

in collaboration with: Richard c. Rodgers (1902-1979)

93 28 July1920, New York City, Central Theatre Lew M. Fields (1867-1941)

and George Campbell

Lorenz M. Heart (1895-1943)

and Alex Gerber

Lew M. Fields
1921 Love Birds 103 15 March1921, New York City, Apollo Theatre Edgar Allan Woolf (1889-1948)

and Ballard MacDonald(1882-1935)

Edgar Allan Woolf and

Ballard MacDonald

Max r. Wilner and Sigmund Romberg
1921 Blossom Time;

to motives of Franz Schubert and Heinrich Berté (1858-1924) "Das Dreimäderlhaus"

576 29 september1921, New York City, Ambassador Theatre Dorothy Donnelly (1880-1928) Dorothy Donnelly Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1922 The Blushing Bride 144 10 June1922, New York City, Astor Theatre Cyrus Wood, lecture

play by Edward Clark(1878-1954)

Cyrus Wood Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1922 Springtime of Youth;

by: Walter Kollo, "Sterne, which wieder leuchten"

68 26 October1922, New York City, Broadhurst Theatre Rudolf Bernauer (1880-1953)

and Rudolph Schanzer

Matthew c. Woodwardand Cyrus Wood Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1924 Innocent Eyes;

in collaboration with: Jean Schwartz

126 20 may1924, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge and

To Seymour (1889-1966)

Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1924 Marjorie;

in collaboration with: Herbert p. Stothart (1885-1949), Philip Culkin and Stephen Jones

144 11 August1924, New York City, Sam s. Shubert Theatre Fred Thompson (1884-1949),

Clifford Grey (1887-1941) and Harold Atteridge

Embassy Productions, Inc.
1925 Louis the 14th 79 3 March1925, New York City, Cosmopolitan Theatre Arthur Wimperis (1874-1953) Florenz Ziegfeld Jr.(1867-1932)
1925 Princess Flavia 152 2 november1925, New York City, Century Theatre Harry B. Smith (1860-1936) Harry B. Smith Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1927 Cherry Blossoms 56 28 March1927, New York City, 44th Street Theatre Harry B. Smith Harry B. Smith Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1927 My Maryland 312 12 september1927, New York City, Jolson 59th Street Theatre Dorothy Donnelly Dorothy Donnelly Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1927 The Love Call 88 24 October1927, New York City, Majestic Theatre Edward Locke (1869-1945) Harry B. Smith Lee and Jacob j. Shubert,

L. Lawrence Weber(1872-1940)

1928 Rosalie;

by: George Gershwin along with Sigmund Romberg

335 10 January1928, New York City, New Amsterdam Theatre William Anthony McGuire(1881-1940)

and Guy Bolton (1884-1979)

P. g. Wodehouse (1881-1975)

and Ira Gershwin (1896-1983)

Seymour Felix(1892-1961) Florenz Ziegfeld Jr.
1928 The New Moon 509 19 september1928, New York City, Imperial Theatre Oscar Hammerstein II, Frank Mandel

and Laurence Schwab

Laurence Schwab and Frank Mandel
1930 Nina Rosa 137 20 september1930, New York City, Majestic Theatre Otto Harbach Irving Caesar (1895-1996) Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1931 East Wind 23 27 October1931, New York City, Manhattan Theatre Oscar Hammerstein II and Frank Mandel Oscar Hammerstein II Bobby Connolly Laurence Schwab and Frank Mandel
1933 Melody 79 14 February1933, New York City, Casino Theatre Edward Childs Carpenter(1872-1950) Irving Caesar George White (1892-1968)
1935 May Wine 213 5 december1935, New York City, St. James Theatre Frank Mandel Oscar Hammerstein II George White
1936 Forbidden Melody 32 2 november1936, New York City, New Amsterdam Theatre Otto Harbach Otto Harbach Jack Kirkland (1902-1969)

and Samuel h. Grisman

1941 Sunny River 36 4 december1941, New York City, St. James Theatre Oscar Hammerstein II Oscar Hammerstein II Carl Randall (1898-1965) Max Gordon (1892-1978)
1944-1945 Up in Central Park 504 27 January1945, New York City, New Century Theatre Herbert Fields (1897-1958)

and Dorothy Fields (1905-1974)

Dorothy Fields Helen Tamiris(1905-1966) Michael Todd (1909-1958)
1948 My Romance 95 19 October1948, New York City, Sam s. Shubert Theatre Rowland Leigh (1903-1963) Rowland Leigh Fredric N. Kelly(1916-2000) Michael Todd
1954 The Girl in Pink Tights 115 5 March1954, New York City, Mark Hellinger Theatre Jerome Chodorov (1911-2004)

and Joseph a. Fields(1895-1966)

Leo Robin (1900-1984) Agnes de Mille(1905-1993) Shepard Traube (1907-1983)

Revues[Edit]Edit

Completed in Title Designs Premiere Libretto Further song lyrics Producers
1913 The Whirl of the World 161 10 January1914New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge (1886-1938) Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1914 The Passing Show of 1914;

in collaboration with: Harry Carroll (1892-1962)

133 1 June1914, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1914 Dancing Around;

in collaboration with: Harry Carrol

145 10 October1914, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1914-1915 Maid in America;

in collaboration with: Harry Carrol

108 18 February1915, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1916 The Passing Show of 1916

in collaboration with: Otto Motzan (1880-1937)

140 22 June1916, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1916 The Show of Wonders (second version);

in collaboration with: Otto Motzan and Herman Timberg (1892-1952)

209 26 October1916, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1917 The Passing Show of 1917

in collaboration with: Otto Motzan

196 26 april1917, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1917 Doing Our Bit;

in collaboration with: Herman Timberg

130 18 October1917, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1917 Over the Top;

in collaboration with: Philip Bartholomae(1879-1947) and Herman Timberg

78 28 november1917, New York City, Lew Fields ' 44th Street Roof Garden Sigmund Romberg and Philip Bartholomae Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1918 The Passing Show of 1918;

in collaboration with: Jean Schwartz (1878-1956)

124 25 July1918, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1921 Bombo 218 6 October1921, New York City, Jolson 59th Street Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1923 The Passing Show of 1923;

in collaboration with: Jean Schwartz

118 14 June1923, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1924 The Passing Show of 1924;

in collaboration with: Jean Schwartz

93 3 september1924, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1924 Artists and Models (1924);

in collaboration with: John Frederick Coots(1897-1985)

261 15 October1924, New York City, Astor Theatre Harry Wagstaff Gribble(1896-1981) Clifford Grey (1887-1941)

and Sam Coslow (1902-1982)

Lee and Jacob j. Shubert

Other music-theatre work[Edit]Edit

Completed in Title Acts Designs Premiere Libretto/Text Further song lyrics Direction/Choreography Producers
1915 Ruggles of Red Gap 33 25 december1915, New York City, Fulton Theatre Garfield Harrison Rhodes(1871-1929),

to Harry Leon Wilson (1867 – 1939) novel of the same name by 1915

Harold Atteridge Joseph Harry Benrimo (1874-1942) (Director) Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1915-1916 Robinson Crusoe, Jr.;

joined by: James f. Hanley(1892-1942)

2 acts,

10 scenes

139 17 February1916, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge

and Edgar Smith

Harold Atteridge

and Edgar Smith

J. c. Huffman (Director),

Allan K. Foster (choreography)

Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1918-1919 Monte Cristo, Jr.;

joined by: Jean Schwartz

65 ° 12 February1919, New York City, Winter Garden Theatre Harold Atteridge Harold Atteridge Lee and Jacob j. Shubert
1920 Pagans 3 acts 15 4 January1921, New York City, Princess Theatre Charles Anthony Max R. Wilner

and Sigmund Romberg

Film Music[Edit]Edit

  • The Desert Song 1929
  • 1930 The Girl of the Golden West
  • 1930 Viennese Nights
  • 1931 New Moon
  • Children of Dreams 1931
  • 1932 A Mail Bride
  • 1932 The Red Shadow
  • 1935 The Night Is Young
  • 1937 Maytime
  • 1937 They Gave Him a Gun
  • 1937 The Girl of the Golden West
  • Let Freedom Ring 1939
  • 1939 Broadway Serenade
  • 1940 New Moon
  • 1943 The Desert Song
  • Up in Central Park 1948
  • 1951 The Two Mouseketeers
  • 1953 The Desert Song
  • 1954 The Student Prince
  • 1954 Deep in My Heart
  • 1955 The Desert Song
  • 1989 "Great Performances": The New Moon
  • 1990 Mr. & Mrs. Bridge
  • 1995 Some Enchanted Evening: Celebrating Oscar Hammerstein II
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