Willem Walraven (Dirksland7 June 1887 - Banjuwangi13 February 1943) was a Dutch journalistand author . He sometimes worked under the pseudonym Charlie Canales, abbreviated to M.C. that he also called


[hide]*1 Biography


Wade was born in 1887 in the South Holland dirksland as son of the grocery store French Walraven and Antje van Kassel. He emigrated to Canadain 1909 , but returned in 1914 again back to dirksland. In 1915 he gave for the Dutch-Indies army and he moved to Dutch East Indies. In the army he worked as operator and he also conducted other Office work. In 1918 he left the service and went to work as a bookkeeper at a mill in Banjoewangi on the eastern tip of Java. After 1922 he did the same work at several sugar factories. In 1929 he did an attempt to an expired hotel in Pasoeroean to make profitable again. It came to him on heavy losses. He moved several times from 1922 until joining in 1931 established near Malang.

In 1930 he opted for a life as a freelance journalist for the Indian Gazette, where he already wrote occasionally for about five years. His plays were popular and also drew the attention of e. du Perron, who met him personally in 1939 and made that he could publish in Netherlands. Dutch East Indies In november 1940 in the cultural monthly magazine founded the torch , which disappeared in december 1941, on the eve of theJapanese occupation. For that journal he wrote four short stories, two of which are just before the lifting of the sheet could be placed: on the border and the clan. Both stories are autobiographical.

Wade married in 1919 with the Sundanese wife Itih (1898-1969) and got nine children with her, one of whom died young. Wade died on 13 February 1943 in the Japanese POW camp in Banjoewangi Kesilir bymalariadysentery and exhaustion.

Wade hated his hometown dirksland, but maintained an intensive correspondence with his brother, who still lived there, and ordered one comprehensive information about everything that took place. But also in India he felt at home. The Indian food he didn't want to eat; He learned to cook European Itih. He disliked the ' European ' community, where he already was not fully accepted, because he was married with a ' home-grown ' wife. But for her he always remained a Sundanese family outsider.

Through the efforts of Rob Nieuwenhuys especially after World War II a few selections from Wade journalistic work and correspondence appeared. Especially his letters drew a lot of attention. In 2000 the Dutch specialist Frank O wrote his dissertation on Wade.

Works published in book form[Edit]Edit

  • On the border: short stories, letters, chronicles, G.A. van Oorschot, Amsterdam (1952)
  • Letters to family and friends 1919-1941, G.A. van Oorschot, Amsterdam (published by Rob Nieuwenhuys) (1966, 2nd increased pressure in 1992)
  • Mayflies: journalistic testimonials from newspapers and magazines, G.A. van Oorschot, Amsterdam (extended version of on the border) (1971)
  • A month in the boevenpak, Thomas and Eras, the Hague (1978)
  • Lifelines: memories of dirksland and Flakkee, dirksland Willem Walraven, Commemoration Commission (bibliophile edition in a impression of 600 copies) (1993)
  • The Red-star library, Burgersdijk & Niermans, Leiden (new year wishes for 1998, with an introduction by Frank O) (1997)
  • Modjokerto in the drizzle: travel across Java and Madura, KITLV Publishing House, Leiden (1998)

Literature on Wade[Edit]Edit

  • The great bitterness: memories of my father by w. Wade Jr. (W son), Bas lubberhuizen, Amsterdam (1992)
  • Frank O, dirksland between the durians at the top: a biography of Willem Walraven, Bas lubberhuizen, Amsterdam (commercial edition of a thesis) (2000)
  • Rant 121, January 1967 is devoted entirely to Willem Walraven
  • The eye in 't Sailing 9-3 of april 1992 is a ' W-number '