Willem de Mérode is the pseudonym of Willem Eduard Keuning (Saito (GN.), 2 september 1887 - Eerbeek22 may 1939), a Dutch poet.

He is considered the most important Dutch Calvinist poet of his generation. P.J. Meertens calls him a Christian renaissance poet[1]Hans Wagner, biographer of Willem de Mérode: "the poet lived the tragedy of an impossible love; He wrote in the tension of boy love and a mystical experience of Christian faith ".


[hide]*1 Descent


His father was a teacher and his six sons all started as a teacher. Two brothers of William Keuning were Publisher (Bosch & KeuningSummer & K T), was a third book printer. Willem studied in 1905 on the Keuning itself grow school in Groningen. In 1906 he was hired as a teacher in Oude Pekela and in 1907 in Uithuizermeeden. In the city of Groningen he became friends with the kwekeling he was encouraged by him to Terry Kuitert and writing poems. His poetry of this premature youth poems is not much preserved. The first poem that appeared in print was published March 1911 in our magazine, a Christian monthly magazine.


He chose his pseudonym carefully. During a walk in Groningen, along with Terry Kuitert, attacked his eye on a picture postcard of the ballet dancer Cléo de Mérode Fisherman to a store door in the street. TheBelgian princely family De Mérode spurred its historical interest and he liked the name nice (even though it came off of the Austrian freiherrliche Cléo branch of the family). After a week he told Terry that he named Willem dubbing (not Guillaume) de Mérode chose[2]. However, other pseudonyms used Keuning, among other ' Joost van Keppel ' (probably to Arnold Joost van Keppel, a friend and favourite of King-stadtholderWilliam III), Henri specìaal for his children's books ' Hamid ' (probably the northern zone to the Hogeland, of the province of Groningen where he was born and lived) and ' Jan Bos ' (for books in Gronings dialect). He also wrote songs under the name ' street Beo Grinniker ', the dog of his landlady in Eerbeek.


De Mérode/Kabir was a beloved teacher, until he came by his homosexuality in conflict with society and the faith. In 1924 he was because of a sexual contact with a minor aged 16 years sentenced to eight months in prison on the basis of article 248-bis of the Penal Code; his attorney was Mr. Chris Jong (1889-1972) who also had defended his brother Piet Keuning in another case. In addition, he was allowed to exercise his teachers Office no longer for three years. He came out of jail as a broken man. After his release, he retired in the Gelderse Eerbeek, and devoted himself entirely to literature. In the 1930s he was increasingly sick: he could ill for weeks after a ' gedichtenbui '. K.m. died in 1939 at the age of 51 to a heart disease.

Christian poet[Edit]Edit

Literary text books call Willem de Mérode the most important Dutch Protestant-Christian poet of the time between the two world wars. There are more than 2300 poems by him have been preserved. A lot of it was published during his lifetime, in literary magazines and in a long series of poetry. [3the best known bundles are the surrenderthe precious bloodGanymede ( bibliophile in a very striking design, with woodcuts byJohan Dijkstra), the dark bloomThe light stripe and Kaleidoscope.

Especially in Christian, but also found in homosexual circles his poems a warm welcome. Beyond his work was appreciated, by Menno ter Braaka. Roland Holst and Simon vestdijk. Thanks to the writer and poet Hans Wagner , the collected poems of De Mérode in a two-part Edition appear. Wagner also wrote various books and biographical articles about him, in which he the spiky sides of life of the poet: his homosexuality, naivety and the slip with a sixteen-year old boy, placed in the light of his Christian faith.

Lover of art[Edit]Edit

That Willem de Mérode was a great art lover, it turns out-as his art travel-including the impressive list of artists who illustrated his books:

  • Arie B -woodcut Doodenboek[4]
  • Dirk Bala -woodcuts the prodigal son
  • Johan Dijkstra -woodcuts Ganymede
  • Jan French[5-clip art Mouth Soon (serial number 47 from the new Sunday school series edited by A.L. Gad)
  • Léon Holman (1906-1943)- Life gift book cover illustration
  • Jaap de Hon-cover drawing The rozenhof
  • J.H. Ibr (Jr.) -illustrations good friends I
  • Rafael King -woodcuts Cross sonnets and XXX Psalms[6]
  • Jan van der Leeuw -cover drawing the surrender (1919)
  • Wang Meyer -Vignette on covers from the surrender (1926) and the dark bloom
  • Arnold Miller [7-drawings Between team and sickle
  • H. Miller-drawings Simple poems


Poetry among the poets name Willem de Mérode, unless otherwise stated

  • Literature (1916)
  • Ordinary boys (under the pseudonym Henri Hamid; youth book, 1916)
  • Jaap's portrait (under the pseudonym Henri Hamid; youth book, 1917)
  • Invocations (under the pseudonym van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle; poetic prose, 1917)
  • Mondjegauw (under the pseudonym Henri Hamid; youth book, 1918)
  • The surrender (1919)
  • The precious blood (1922)
  • Good friends part 1 t/m 6 (schoolleesserie; 1922-1924)
  • Kwattrijnen (1923)
  • The Holy light (1923)
  • Ganymede (1924)
  • The rozenhof (1925)
  • The dark bloom (1926)
  • Claghen (under the pseudonym van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle; poetic prose, 1927)
  • The prodigal son (1928)
  • The light stripe (1929)
  • Beautiful people (under the pseudonym Jan Bos; stories in Gronings dialect, 1929)
  • The steep trail (1930)
  • Esther (drama, 1930)
  • Laudate dominum (anthology of his own work; 1931)
  • a Poar dörpsgenooten (under the pseudonym Jan Bos; stories in Gronings dialect, 1931)
  • Omar Khayyam (translation; 1931)
  • Along den Hage (1932)
  • Chineesche poems (1933)
  • The silent Garden (1933)
  • Doodenboek (1934)
  • Cross sonnets (1934)
  • XXX Psalms (1934)
  • Six beautiful songs (under the pseudonym Beo Grinniker; broadside ballads, 1934)
  • Simple poems (1935)
  • The Virginia Creeper, an anthology of the work of Willem de Mérode 1911-1936 (1936)
  • Kringloop (1936)
  • Between team and sickle (1936)
  • Ruischende bamboo (1937)
  • The gift of life (1938)
  • Kaleidoscope (1938)
  • Craving and homesick (anthology; 1939)
  • Poems I-II-III (comprehensive anthology of a total of 740 pages; 1952)
  • The White Rose (1973)
  • Mirror images (1979)
  • Aaldaogs geproat (under the pseudonym Jan Bos; stories in Gronings dialect, 1983)
  • Collected poems (1987, reprinted in 2001; 1546 pages)


  • Spent Opwaartsche Roads in year 10 (september 1932) a detailed article to Willem de Mérode, written by j. H. After the death of De Mérode spent Opwaartsche roads in year 17 (August/september 1939) a double-number from Willem de Mérode.
  • The Writers shaped like popular 18: Willem de MérodeDutch literary Museum, 1973, is devoted entirely to Willem de Mérode, and includes an introduction by P.J. Meertens, various manuscripts of De Mérode and many photos.
  • In the Picture Book Writers 28: Opwaartsche Roads (Dutch literary Museum, 1989) are manuscripts of De Mérode included the poems the studbookthe testimony and the sisters.